Minimum energy efficiency standards

Under the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES), private landlords of homes rated at Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) Bands F or G, are required to improve their property to at least an EPC E rating.  

Since 1 April 2020, it has been unlawful for a landlord or agent to rent out a domestic property with an EPC rating of F or G, unless they have a valid exemption in place.

About Energy Performance Certificates

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) is usually needed whenever a property is built, sold or rented.  An EPC contains:

  • information about a property’s energy use and typical energy costs
  • recommendations about how to reduce energy use and save money

An EPC gives a property an energy efficiency rating from A (most efficient) to a G (least efficient) and is valid for 10 years.  You can search the EPC register to check whether a property has a valid certificate and what its energy rating is.

How to comply with MEES

If you are a landlord with a property with an F or G EPC rating, you should review and act on the recommendations of the EPC or, if appropriate, register an exemption.

If you have a property with an older EPC, which has already undergone work to meet the standards, you may need to renew the EPC to reflect the current energy efficiency of the property.

This landlord’s tool guides you through what to do

Action Surrey has helpful advice and guidance on how to improve the energy efficiency of your property.


If you cannot improve the property to an EPC E rating for £3,500 or less, you can apply for an exemption. You should still make energy efficiency improvements up to the £3,500 cost cap.

You can apply for an exemption on the basis that “all relevant improvements have been installed and the property remains below an E”.

There are other reasons a property may be exempt from the regulations. Read the government guidance for full details GOV.UK: exemptions

If a property might be exempt, you must register for an exemption online:

Register for an exemption


For properties in Elmbridge, if we believe that the landlord has failed to fulfil their obligations under the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) regulations, we can serve the landlord with a compliance notice.

If we can confirm that a breach of the regulations has occurred, the landlord may receive a financial penalty. Landlords are considered non-compliant with the MEES Regulations if:

  • they let a domestic property with an EPC F and G rating, even if there has been no change in tenancy, or the landlord continues to let their property in breach of the MEES Regulations
  • they have registered false or misleading information on the Private Rented Sector (PRS) Exemptions Register


We can decide on the level of penalty given to the landlord in breach of the regulations, up to the maximum limits set out by the MEES regulations. The maximum amount a landlord can be fined per property is £5,000.

Reasons for improving energy efficiency

If you are a landlord, improving the energy performance of homes you let out makes sense:  

  • your tenants will be more comfortable, with lower heating bills, and less likely to complain or move on
  • your properties will get better Energy Performance Certificate ratings (EPCs), making them easier to rent out
  • any improvements you make will add to the value of your properties should you choose to sell them in the future

Services by A-Z