Registered Parks and Gardens
On the register of ‘Parks and Gardens of Historic Interest’ compiled by Historic England, there are 3 entries within Elmbridge. The main purpose of the register is to identify, understand and help safeguard the features or qualities that make the park or garden of special interest and ensure it is recognised in Council policies.
Claremont - Esher
Claremont is a Grade I Park and partially comprises the Claremont Landscape Gardens
which are owned by the National Trust and include a grass amphitheatre, lake, camellia terrace, bowling green and views of the belvedere. The other main part of Claremont is separately owned by Claremont Fan Court School and comprises the Mansion, 18th C Parkland and part of the walled gardens.
Painshill - Cobham
Painshill is also Grade I and has a set piece landscape of follies including a ruined temple, tented pavilion, crystal grotto, tower and an ice house with a vineyard and period plant collection. It is owned by the Painshill Park Trust.
Oatlands - Weybridge
Oatlands, which is Grade II is famous for its views from the elevated terraces over the Broad Water and River Thames floodplain.
Further information on these listing can be found on the National Heritage List for England.
There are 6 scheduled monuments within Elmbridge which are designated by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport with advice from Historic England [HE]. Scheduled Monument consent is needed from HE before any works can be carried out that would affect a monument. These include:
A buried multi-vallate Iron Age hill fort at St Georges Hill in Weybridge
Roman Bath house at Chateley Farm which is partially buried
Henry VIII’s palace at Oatlands which is buried
An 18thcentury milestone in Esher
An 18thcentury Belvedere at Claremont
The oval early 20thcentury racing circuit at Brooklands.
Read more about scheduled monuments
Sites of High Archaeological Potential and Importance and Sites of High Archaeological Importance
These are designated by Surrey County Council (SCC) and are currently under review by SCC who are consulted on any application for development which falls within the areas identified and/or which is over a certain size. They are often also designated under different categories and their buried nature can make them particularly vulnerable to change.
Commemorative Plaque schemes
The Blue Plaque scheme was originally set up in 1866 to commemorate the link between people and places and to help raise awareness of London’s architectural heritage. This is run by English Heritage and only operates within London, however a number of local amenity societies and residents associations have established their own schemes outside London. We support local commemorative plaque schemes in Elmbridge and these have undertaken by the Cobham Conservation and Heritage Trust, Esher Residents Association, Thames Ditton and Weston Green Residents Association and the Surrey History Trust. Advice on setting up a commemorative plaque scheme
Coal and Wine Tax posts
Since mediaeval times the City of London has collected dues on coal and other goods entering London. Monies collected went towards charitable and public works including rebuilding St Paul’s Cathedral after the Great Fire in 1666 and purchasing the Thames bridges at Kingston, Walton-on-Thames and Hampton Court to enable them to be toll free. There are 25 Coal and Wine tax posts remaining in Elmbridge, most of which date from the 19thC and most are Grade II Listed. The majority, which are found alongside roads are 1m tall white metal posts with the City of London arms while others are larger and found along railways and river towpaths.
Download the Coal and Wine Tax Posts leaflet
For a wide range of heritage information and advice visit Historic England, the Surrey History Centre in Woking and The Gardens Trust.